THE GAME AND THE RULES: ENGLISH

 

B4B - BASEBALL played by BLIND - Brief description of the game

 

TEAMS

Each team consists of 5 blind players, one sighted player and one sighted defensive assistant. These two sighted defensive player and assistant also serve as base coaches at second and third base when the team comes to bat.
They use wood or plastic clappers in order to direct the runners.

 

THE FIELD

 

The defensive field of play is the area of left field beyond the separation rope between the second defensive base and the third base foul line.
The offensive bases correspond to the ones used in normal baseball.
First base is sound activated, second base is the first batter’s goal, third base and home base can be reached by runners following a hit made by one of their teammates.
Home plate, for the runner, is an imaginary line of 13 feet positioned on the home base-first base alignment.
The center of this line corresponds to the home plate vertex.
The homerun line is marked at 220 feet from home plate.
The defensive second base is 13 feet towards the left field from the original second base.

 

THE GAME

The ball is a regular rubber ball mod: “A” with six holes on its surface and two nickel-plated brass bells inside which help players finding the ball.
The batter puts the ball in play by tossing it in the air and hitting it. In order for the batted ball to be ruled “IN PLAY”, it must go beyond a rope which starts from the left corner (towards first base) of the second defensive base and gets to the third base foul line after having bounced at least one time before it.
The batter-runner attempts to reach second base either by touching or going around first base.
S/he is safe if s/he arrives before the sighted defensive player, positioned on the second base, catches the throw from the blind defensive player.
The batter is allowed three swings and if the s/he does not put the ball in play or fails to hit it on the final swing, it is a strike out.
The runner on second base advances to third base and home plate on successive batted balls.
Runners can leave the base only after the umpire has called the batted ball “FAIR” and this occurs at the moment the ball, properly batted, surpasses the rope.
Upon arrival at either second or third base, the runner must touch the base. S/he does not have to maintain contact.
The batter at home plate and the runner can try to reach an “extra base” only after the blind fielder has thrown the ball to the sighted assistant.
The time spent by the sighted assistant in order to retrieve the ball and return to the base corresponds to the time runners have to make to the “extra base”.
A run is scored when the runner crosses the home plate line (13 feet). The center of this line corresponds to the home plate vertex and from here it continues towards the right side along the first base foul line.
If the ball batted in fair territory travels beyond 220 feet, it is considered a homerun.
The sighted defensive player may field a ball hit toward him, as long as s/he maintains contact with the second defensive base. Only the batter, in this case, is eliminated. The ball is ruled dead. If there are other runners on base at the time, they must return to their respective bases before the play can begin.
Elimination at second base, third base, and home plate occurs when the sighted player (positioned at se-cond base) firmly receives the batted ball from a defensive player, prior to the runner reaching the base.
If a ball batted in fair territory goes over the line between second base and third base on a FLY, the batter is automatically declared “OUT” (it’s called FLY OUT) for safety reasons and the ball is ruled dead. If there are other runners on base at the time, they must return to their respective bases.
Games are normally played in 7/9 innings.

 

To enlarge the image of the field click on the drawing

 

If you are interested in the official technical-agonistic regulation please click: REGULATION

 

if you are interested in seeing an instructional video cick INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO



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